FLAME RETARDANCY INFORMATION
When it comes to flame retardancy, fabrics are classified into a few basic categories. Below we explain the difference between FR, IFR (PFR), DFR and NFR
Flame Retardant Certificates
S&K Theatrical Draperies, Inc. issues flame retardant certificates with all flame retardant fabric and custom curtain purchases.
These fabrics are commonly woven from natural and/or synthetic yarns and then topically treated with a flame retardant chemical so that the material meets fire safety codes. The flame retardant chemicals are dissolved in a water solution and then applied to the fabric by immersion process (dipping) or by spraying. After applying the FR chemicals the soft goods are allowed to dry so the chemicals cure and adhere to the fabric fibers.
Prior to FR treating –by topical treatment or dipping process- the material is classified as
All fabrics that undergo this process are considered an FR treated fabric or chemically made FR fabric. Since most FR chemicals are
If this happens the material should be thoroughly washed with water and then the FR chemicals should be re-applied to restore the flame resistance.
A fabric that is woven from innately noncombustible fibers and without the addition of chemicals is categorized as IFR (aka Inherently Fire Retardant). Since the FR properties are woven into the fabric fiber itself, these materials are expected to remain fire retardant throughout the product’s lifetime, even after repeated washings or dry cleanings.
These materials are also often referred to as PFR (Permanently Flame Retardant) and also known as Permanently Fire Retardant.
Some synthetic fabrics are considered Durably Flame Retardant (a.k.a. Durably Fire Retardant).
Manufacturers and chemist laboratories have developed textiles from polymer extruded filament fibers along with
When laundered properly the flame retardancy typically withstands many washes, rendering these fabrics flame resistance for the life of the product, depending on the specific fabric application. While there are solvents and chemicals that can impact the flame retardant properties of these materials, such products are not usually present when fabrics are used for curtains or space decoration, thus these fabrics are categorized as “DFR”.
These fabrics can be woven from natural, synthetic and or recycled fibers and are flammable, thus not compliant to fire safety codes.
Some materials simply cannot be made fire retardant and should not be used
Even though some fabrics are not specifically produced as flame